Blog

  • Range Rover Water Issues

    Posted on 28, November, 2017

    Range Rover Water issues 2004-2008

    The water coming into your range rover is usually caused most when the connecting elbow at end of the sunroof drains fail.


    (degraded sunroof drain connectors)

    Once these rubber elbows give way, the drains hang free and redirect all the water onto the floorboards of your Land Rover.

    The hose on the passenger side of the vehicle is located behind your Junction Box Electronics (JBE).  The hose on the driver side is located in a similar location and is easier to access.  Simply remove the kick panel and side panel around the OBD connector and you should be able to locate the drain hose rather quickly.


    Part of the wiring harness is located along these floorboards at the lowest point so it is important the get the water issue in your Land Rover taken care as soon as you become aware of it as water damage to your wiring harness is soon to follow.


                   (Corroded wire)

    Common electrical issues experienced as a result of water ingress are
    Sunroof issues
    Drivers seat issues
    Mirror issues

    These electrical issues occur when your wiring harness becomes corroded by the water it's been emersed in.  The wires are mostly vulnerable at the splice points .Splice point locations will vary depending on the date and  facility your Land Rover was produced.

    It is NOT advised that you attempt this repair by yourself.  The Junction Box Electronics has a total of 6 connectors.  Two of these connectors are located on the back of the Junction box and are very difficult to access even for professionals as there is very little room.  Additionally accessing the wiring harness is difficult, as several panels will need to be removed, additionally there are multiple splice points in hard to reach locations.

     
    (wiring harness along passenger side)

    The best way to avoid these costly electrical repairs is to replace the drain connectors as soon as you start noticing a damp car or wet floorboards.

    L&M Foreign Cars has a tremendous amount of experience in all aspects of Range Rover service and maintenance.  Whether your water issue has just begun or has been going on for years we're well equipped and ready to handle all your Range Rover needs.

  • Genuine Vs OE vs OEM vs Aftermarket

    Posted on 08, November, 2017

    Genuine Vs OE vs OEM vs Aftermarket

    When trying to buy your own parts for you BMW, VW, Audi, Land Rover, Mini Cooper or Mercedes it’s easy to get confused. Here are some simple definitions for OE, OEM, Genuine, factory & Aftermarket to help guide your purchasing decisions.

    OE, Genuine, Factory, Original.  They terms all have the same meaning.  These parts are packaged in Volkswagen boxes with the VW logo, BMW Boxes with the BMW logo, etc etc

    OE = Original Equipment   OEM = Original Equipment Manufacturer

    The key difference between OE & OEM is the markup Audi /BMW/ Land Rover adds to the OE part.They are produced in the same plant by the same manufacturer.  The car companies dictate the specifications to the manufacturer and them OE/OEM  manufacturer must adhere to consistent production and quality value.

    OE part= Audi package, Higher cost,

    OEM= Manufacturer package, Lower cost

    None of these car companies make their own parts. BMW, Audi, VW, Land Rover, Mercedes.  They all have their parts produced by major manufacturers such as Bosch, Hengst, Mahle, Behr, Beru, Bremi etc. etc.

    Notice the highlighted areas which include the Audi Logo AND the manufacturer (BERU) of this coil.

    This coil is manufactured by Beru for Audi with Audi specifications.  Beru will also produce this coil without the Audi logo and sell it through many retailers which means you can avoid the Audi Dealer Network usually resulting in savings for the consumer.

    Aftermarket parts:

    There are two main categories of aftermarket parts, cheaper replacements & upgrades

    When dealing with cheaper replacements quality will vary WIDELY. It’s best to think of them as used parts in that you never really know what you’re going to get.

     Some are better than OEM and some far worse.  It takes a lot of experience or research to get an idea of what to buy and what to avoid.  It’s always best to use original equipment especially when dealing with delicate sensors i.e. Mass Air flow sensors, oxygen sensors, crankshaft sensors, camshaft sensors etc etc.  Using only OEM Bulbs and Oil filters are also a good idea.

  • Volkswagen:What High Mileage VW Problems to watch for

    Posted on 30, March, 2017

    Volkswagen: What High Mileage VW Problems to watch for

    You’ve long heard about the long-term reliability of Volkswagen models of all kinds, particularly the Golf and Jetta. It’s true – VWs of all shapes and sizes are some of the longest-lasting, most reliable vehicles you’ll ever find on the roads today, which is why you see them used well beyond 200,000 miles on a regular basis.

    Unfortunately, no matter whose car you drive, it’s going to experience an issue or two when you’re looking at a high-mileage situation. What problems should you be on the lookout for? What is common to experience when the odometer reading climbs up there?

    Volkswagen High Mileage Transmission Concerns

    Transmission maintenance tends to be pushed aside for many car owners. It’s not regarded with as much importance as engine maintenance, though with intervals of 60,000 to 100,000 miles, timing is critical. Transmission fluid needs to be kept clean to prevent internal wear on transmission parts and to avoid debris from blocking passages and causing solenoids to stick.

    If you’re the original owner of the car, you know your maintenance history but if you’re a second or third owner, you likely don’t have those service records. Poor maintenance can cause shift flares, burnt clutches inside, and eventual transmission failure. That goes doubly for DSG transmissions.

    2.0L Timing Belt Failure

    The timing belt is a toothed, reinforced rubber belt that joins the top end of the engine with the bottom end. Over time, the belt wears, stretches, and cracks. The normal replacement interval is 60,000 miles for most models, and it’s crucial to adhere to that schedule.

     

     

    A broken timing belt can cause thousands of dollars of engine damage, from bent valves to damaged pistons and potentially long repair times. Replace the timing belt when it’s due. If you don’t know when it was done last, don’t take the chance of failure – get it changed sooner rather than later.

    While replacing your timing belt, have the water pump replaced also. You’ll save hundreds on labor down the road if the water pump springs a leak as it’s driven by the timing belt. It only takes a few extra minutes to change.

    VW TDI Oil Pump Failure

    The oil pump on 2.0L TDI engines have been a point of contention for years. The engine starts getting very noisy due to lack of oil pressure, then the engine seizes up. The oil pump is to blame, causing thousands of dollars of engine damage, particularly on engines with higher mileage.

    If you’re getting knocking or rattling noise from your 2.0L TDI, stop driving it until you get the problem addressed. A replacement oil pump isn’t cheap but it’s significantly less expensive than a replacement motor.

    VW New Beetle Battery Junction Block Fires

    It probably won’t torch your whole car, but the wiring connections on top of the battery on early model New Beetles can short. You’ll smell smoke at first, then you’ll find your car won’t start or it may stall. You may notice other little electrical issues too, but it almost always originates at the battery.

    It’s not a major repair but it can be an annoying problem. At the first sign of electrical issues, have the junction block on the battery checked out.

    VW TDI Turbochargers

    While not exclusively a VW problem, high mileage turbocharged engines can experience poor performance. Turbos can fail for several reasons including shaft failure, but most commonly it’s from oil contamination.  Regular oil changes using high-grade oil will help prevent early turbo failure and can ensure a long turbo life well into the high mileage category.

     

    If your high-mileage VW is experiencing symptoms, don’t wait until it breaks down. Early detection can keep repair costs at a minimum. Trust your VW high mileage repairs to the shop that knows VW best in Brooklyn, L&M Foreign Cars. We’ll get you fixed up right and at a competitive price.

     

     

  • Which one is the right oil for my car? 5W-30, 0W-30 what does it mean?

    Posted on 15, December, 2016

    Which one is the right oil for my car? 5W-30, 0W-30 what does it all mean?

                                          

    Viscosity Viscosity Viscosity

    The title of the oil is meant to communicate the type & thickness of the oil at different temperatures (having the correct thickness a.k.a. viscosity is what this article will be mostly about).

    The W in the name 5W-30 standards for Winter and simply means this oil has been tested at colder temperatures.  (Oils without the W in their name i.e. SAE 30 have not been tested for cold weather performance.

    At normal operating temperatures (210°F)  5W-30 and 10W-30 will both flow at a SAE viscosity of 30, but under much colder temperatures 5W-30 will flow at an SAE viscosity of 5.   10W-30 will flow at an SAE viscosity of 100-W30 will flow with a viscosity of zero in cold temperatures(meaning freely, with negligible resistance).

    Oil that is too thick to flow under cold temperatures results in dry starts.  Oil that is able to stay thin under cold conditions and retain it's film strength results in fewer dry starts and much less engine wear.

     

    The important thing to remember here is that 0W-30, 5W-30 & 10W-30 all flow at the same rate under normal engine operating temperatures.  It’s only under cold start conditions that there is any difference between them.

    Regardless of what car you drive, whether it be a BMW, Audi, MiniCooper, Land Rover, Mercedes or Volvo It’s always best to use oil that is recommended for your engine by the manufacturer.  The oil pump and clearances within your engine have all been designed to handle a specific viscosity of oil to lubricate your engine, so using the correct oil with help ensure proper oil flow and all the benefits that go along with it.

    What’s an oil additive?  A mixture of chemicals usually used to enhance engine oil performance.

    They are often used to achieve additional lubrication, stabilize the oil at higher temperatures, prevent engine wear or reduce fuel consumption.

    Examples: Liquid Molly,Lucas conditioner, Bestline.

    What’s the different between crude oil, original, full synthetic ,synthetic blend?

    Crude oil: The black stuff they find in the ground (not used in cars in this form)

    Original/conventional: Refined crude oil consisting of a certain fraction separated by weight.

    Full Synthetic: Chemical compounds wholly manufactured and separated into homogenous petroleum molecules of a specific size and weight.

    Synthetic blend:  A mixture of conventional motor oil & synthetic.

    Synthetic oil offers more protection than conventional oil and can stand higher heat before breaking down.

    Not all Synthetic oils are created equal and their formulas/ingredients can vary widely from brand to brand.

    While synthetic oils are far more expensive than conventional oil, they usually provide better engine protection than conventional oil or synthetic blends.

    If you drive a VW, BMW, Audi, Mini Cooper, Land Rover, Mercedes or Volvo made within the last 15 years, your car probably requires synthetic oil, but always be sure to check with your cars service manual.

  • Why cleaning your Drains is important for your VW, BMW, Audi

    Posted on 21, September, 2016

    Why servicing your Drains is important for your VW/BMW/Audi

    WHAT ARE DRAINS/PASSAGES AND WHY DO I NEED THEM CLEANED?

    First off lets get the terminology straight.  Passages, Ducts, or Drains are interchangeable terms to describe a series of tubes and passages within the frame of your car specifically designed to channel water that lands on your roof and windshield down to the street below.

                                                

    Cleaning out these passages to keep them free from obstructions and clogs is absolutely essential for keeping your VW in good working order.  Falling leaves, flowers, dust, dirty and other objects accumulate in and around these passages over time.

    Should any of these passages on your Volkswagen become clogged, water that normally flows down to the street can be redirected to the interior of your car, causing not only a musty wet smell that is unhealthy, but also electrical issues.

    The wiring harness on many VW’s is susceptible to corrosion if water is allowed to accumulate within the vehicle.

    So as a quick tip from a professional, a few dollars in preventative maintenance can save you thousands of dollars in electrical wiring and computer repairs.

    WHERE ARE THE PASSAGES ON MY VEHICLE AND HOW DO I CLEAN THEM?

    Passage locations vary on different vehicles, but here are some of the most common areas to find your passages.

    1. The sun roof.  There are two small holes that run from the channel your sunroof moves across down along the pillars of your car to the street below
    2. Base of the windshield.  There is also a major channel at the base of your windshield which redirects all the water from your windshield down away from your engine compartment to the street below. 
    3. By The trunk. Under the seam of your trunk.
    4. In your engine compartment Under the battery


                                   
                                     

    These passages most often become clogged with leaves and other debris.  So if your parking on the street under trees, be vigalent in keeping your passages clean.

    It’s important to be delicate while have your passages cleaned.  Using too much air pressure can cause the tubes to separate turning a small leak into a large leak.  Consider using L&M Foreign Cars.  We’ve been providing basic maintenance on Volkswagen, Audi, BMW, Land Rover, Mini Cooper, Mercedes, Volvo and Porsche for over 45 years.  So Call us today! Or schedule and appointment online!